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Classifications of Land Entrants

The legal duty a landowner owes an entrant on their property depends on the status of the entrant. Most states have three classifications, that is invitees, trespassers, or licensees. Invitees are individuals who are impliedly or expressly invitation on the property of the land owner while also providing a benefit to the owner. The land owner owes the duty of reasonable care not to harm invitees.

However, the status of an invitee is not absolute, rather it is limited to the areas granted by the owner. Accordingly, if the invitee goes outside of the invitation parameters, this invitee may become a trespasser. In regards, to a trespasser it is immaterial whether the individual enter the land negligently, intentionally, or by accident it is only pertain on the existence of privilege to enter the land. Thus, if an entrant is labeled as a trespasser, then the landowner has no duty to the entrant except refrain from willful, intentional or reckless conduct that would injure the trespasser.

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